HDFC Ltd’s Merger into HDFC Bank: What does it mean for you?5 min read

July 4, 2023


HDFC Ltd’s Merger into HDFC Bank: What does it mean for you?5 min read

In a strategic move that has garnered significant attention in the financial sector, HDFC Ltd, a prominent housing finance company, is merging with HDFC Bank, the country’s largest private sector bank. This merger has far-reaching implications for both organizations, their stakeholders, and the retail investors. In this blog post, we will explore the impact of HDFC Ltd merging into HDFC Bank, highlighting the advantages for HDFC and how retail investors stand to benefit from this amalgamation.

1. Advantages for HDFC

The merger into HDFC Bank presents several advantages for HDFC Ltd, reinforcing its market position and potential for growth:

  1. Expanded Product Portfolio: HDFC’s merger with HDFC Bank provides an opportunity to diversify its offerings. The bank’s extensive product portfolio, including retail banking, corporate banking, wealth management, and digital banking solutions, allows HDFC to broaden its range of services and cater to a wider customer base.
  2. Access to a Wider Customer Base: HDFC Bank boasts a substantial customer base, and by merging with the bank, HDFC Ltd gains access to this extensive network. This access provides HDFC with a larger pool of potential customers for its housing finance products and services, opening up new growth avenues.
  3. Operational Efficiency and Cost Savings: The merger allows HDFC to leverage the technological infrastructure and operational efficiencies of HDFC Bank. By streamlining processes and sharing resources, the combined entity can achieve cost savings, improve productivity, and optimize operations, leading to increased profitability.
  4. Geographic Expansion: HDFC Bank has a strong presence in urban and semi-urban areas, while HDFC Ltd has a wider reach across both urban and rural markets. The merger allows for geographic expansion, enabling the combined entity to tap into previously untapped markets and cater to a more diverse customer base. This increased reach will contribute to the bank’s overall growth and market penetration.
  5. Enhanced Financial Stability: HDFC Bank’s robust balance sheet and strong financial performance complement HDFC Ltd’s prudent lending practices and high asset quality. The merger creates a more resilient financial institution with improved stability, which benefits all stakeholders, including retail investors.

2. Benefits for Retail Investors

Retail investors stand to gain several advantages from the merger between HDFC Ltd and HDFC Bank:

  1. Enhanced Investment Opportunities: The amalgamation offers retail investors the opportunity to invest in a stronger, more diversified financial institution. The combined entity’s expanded product portfolio, increased market presence, and improved financial stability may attract greater investor interest.
  2. Potential for Capital Appreciation: As a result of the merger, the combined entity is expected to witness growth in its market capitalization over time. This potential for capital appreciation can translate into higher returns for retail investors who hold shares of HDFC Ltd or HDFC Bank.
  3. Broader Range of Financial Services: Retail investors will benefit from access to a comprehensive range of financial services under one roof. The merged entity’s offerings will span banking, housing finance, wealth management, insurance, and other financial solutions, enabling retail investors to meet their diverse investment and financial needs efficiently.
  4. Increased Liquidity: The merger could lead to increased liquidity for retail investors. The larger entity’s enhanced market presence and trading

3. How will your portfolio be impacted by the merger?

After the merger, all the shares of HDFC Ltd will lapse and the company will be a part of HDFC Bank. 

But don’t worry, if you are holding HDFC Ltd shares in your portfolio, the following will happen : 

  1. Your investment will be credited back to your bank account
  2. Your shares will get converted into HDFC Bank shares
  3. Both (1) and (2) 


HDFC Ltd is amalgamating completely into HDFC Bank with the share swap ratio 25:42 i.e. for every 25 shares of HDFC Ltd, shareholders will get 42 shares of HDFC Bank. 

This ratio means for every share of HDFC Ltd, shareholders will get 1.68 shares of HDFC Bank but there is a catch : fractional shares are not allowed and only the nearest smaller whole numbers will be credited to you. For the fractional component, your investment will be accordingly credited back to you.

So, the following scenarios can happen: 

  1. If you own < 25 HDFC Ltd shares, for eg. 16 , then (16 x 1.68 ) = 26.88 new HDFC Bank shares. But since fractional shares are not allowed, only 26 shares ( the nearest smaller number ) of HDFC Bank shares will be credited to you and the investment (at CMP) against 0.88 shares will be credited back to your bank account
  2. If you own shares in exact multiples of 25, for e.g. 50, 125, 350, 600 etc, then all your HDFC Ltd shares will get converted into HDFC Bank shares. Note that this conversion is not instantaneous but new shares can take anywhere from 1-3 weeks to reflect in your portfolio after record date of this merger/amalgamation
  3. If you own shares not in exact multiples of 25, for e.g. 32, 69, 171 etc, then the largest whole number after multiplying with 1.68 will get converted into HDFC Bank shares and for the rest of the fractional shares, the investment amount will be credited back to you.
    For eg. If you own 69 shares, (69 x 1.68) = 115.92 , the whole number smaller i.e. 115 HDFC Bank shares will be given to you. For the remaining 0.92 shares, you will be compensated.

As an example, If you had 1000 qty of HDFC Ltd shares at an avg price of 2100, after the record date you will get 1680 qty of HDFC Bank shares and the avg price will become = (1000*2100)/1680 => 1250

Important Note: 

On the day this merger comes into effect, HDFC Ltd shares will lapse and not be visible in your portfolio. Hence, your portfolio value will also appear decreased but don’t worry, HDFC will either compensate you for your investment or you will receive HDFC Bank shares afresh. Both of these scenarios can also happen based on the logic explained above. This ensures that your investments will not take a hit. 


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