Personal Finance

10 Terms Every Smart Investor Must Know2 min read

March 11, 2020 2 min read
10 Terms Every Smart Investor Must Know

10 Terms Every Smart Investor Must Know2 min read

Reading Time: 2 minutes

If you have been exploring the mutual fund industry, you must have come across these terms loosely thrown around. Here’s what they actually mean.

  1. NAV:

    The Net Asset Value (NAV) of a mutual fund represents its per unit market value which is updated on a daily basis. When you buy a mutual fund unit, you buy it at this ‘price’ and the same goes for selling the units too.

  2. Scheme Benchmark:

    A scheme’s performance is compared against a benchmark or indices. Typical benchmarks being Sensex & Nifty50. The benchmark index chosen is based on the objective of the fund.

  3. Annualized Returns:

    The amount of money the investment has earned for you over a year is your annualized returns for an investment.

  4. Assets Under Management (AUM):

    Assets Under Management is the total value of assets or capital owned by an asset management company (AMC).

  5. Folio Number:

    When you invest in a mutual fund scheme, you are allocated a unique number by the AMC. A user can have multiple folio numbers for a specific scheme of the same AMC.

  6. Scheme Riskometer:

    A scheme riskometer indicates how risky that scheme is, from a spectrum of it being low, moderately low, moderate, moderately high or high. Each scheme has its unique riskometer.

  7. Exit Load:

    As the name suggests, it implies the fee that is charged by AMC when a user withdraws before the lock-in period is over.

  8. Scheme Information Document (SID):

    Every mutual fund scheme has a designated SID, created by the AMC. It has all the relevant & mandatory information about the mutual fund scheme such as Investment objective & policies, asset allocation pattern, fee & liquidity provisions. The document also contains information about fund management team details, risk factors, load, past performance, benchmark, unitholder information, AMC branches, investor service centers & official points of acceptance.

  9. Fund Rating:

    It is a score assigned by rating agencies to schemes after assessment of securities based on multiple factors such as risk, historical performance & returns of a fund.

  10. Lock-in Period:

    A set period during which an investor is restricted from selling units of a mutual fund. The restriction is imposed by the fund house, in the form of exit loads, or fee that an investor must pay. ELSS funds typically have a 3 year lock-in period, while debt or liquid funds have a much shorter lock-in period.